Why people do not think!
Over the last month I have written very little on my faith or even on my passions, which are morals and politics. What most people want me to write about is apparitions, and even that has not compelled me to write. What is obsessing my mind is why people simply do not think or do not know how to think. We find people who do not want to think or do not know how to think.
What is thinking and how do we do it? Animals do not think, they do according to their nature and react to positive and negative stimuli. Thinking requires us to understand what we see, feel, smell and hear. To understand these things we first learn how to communicate what we experience. This starts with learning a language. Believe it or not, we think in a language. So we first learn to think by understanding how to make complex things into simple words. A box is a complex thing, but the word “box” makes us understand what we are thinking about in a simple way. To understand what type of box or what is happening to the box we add pronouns, verbs or adverbs to our thinking. But in essence language helps us think in simple terms. However, if we learn language wrong, we may communicate to others one way and he understands us in another way. Let me give an example: “I believe in free love.” Today, what he means is that he wants sex without restrictions. But the true meaning of love has to be free and always was free. Love must be free to be true love because love is a free choice to do good to someone. Love has nothing to do with sex outside of marriage.
We then learn how to deal with quantities of things. Again we do this by making it easy to think. We take a complicated thing like 100 apples and simplify that into a simple number (100) that can be used for apples or any other quantity of things. By making thinking simple over the years, science has been able to work complex problems in real simple principles that have been proven over time.
All True Knowledge is History
Even though science proves that the world, including humans, is evolving towards it destruction (changing from the perfect to the imperfect) we, as humans, have been able to think out more complex things because of our ability to learn from history. This is our great advantage over animals.
When we think of history we think of nations, but history is everything we learn. We learn mathematics from the history of mathematics, the history of the accumulation of knowledge in math that has been learned over the years and passed on by word or book. Even when we learn language we learn from this same history of language. Although many do not want to learn from history and in some cases have a great disrespect for history, there is nothing they have not learned from history, good or bad.
For me, the less history we
know the less we are able to think correctly. However, even if we have a great
grasp of history, it does not mean we can think correctly. For example, when I
was very young I understood that all history is somewhat corrupted by
What I did to understand history was to make take a 20 foot by 5 foot art canvas and chart the history of the world, according to the Bible. Then I overlaid the history of nations, the history of wars, the history of war science, math science, medical science, political science, migrations, land discoveries, and moral changes.
By overlaying all these sciences I could see how each affected the other. A simple example is how the invention of dynamite and later canons ended the building of castles. Consider how penicillin changed the world, or how transportation has changed the world starting with the steam engine.
The industrial revolution could not have happened without railroads and steamboats.
Science has done more to change the world than any other thing. This is why I am so obsessed by true science, and false science. True science is facts, and false science is democratic, political consensus.
Let us go back to my obsession. I watch people in church and by their actions can know something about their relationship with God. Those who understand that God is in the tabernacle and He wants us to talk with Him, are there to pray. Others who understand God as being in the people want to socialize as a way of worship.
I watch people in the streets (especially the young) and I can see what is important to them by the way they dress or act. Some young people today have never, ever, read a complete book. They have ideas and opinions based on nothing except feelings. This is no different than animals.
Someone told me they believed in evolution. I asked if they understood potassium argon dating. No! I asked if they understood carbon X11 and X1V. No! I asked if they knew how lime stone was made. No! Strata layers, coal production, oil and gas, ozone, etc. No! Then I wondered how someone could believe in something they knew noting about.
I wrote about a priest, who has children by a nun, and has even admitted to it. These are facts. However, I get hate mail from people who know this priest personally and ask how I can say these things about a man who is so nice and loving and does so much good.
Well, how about the founder of the Legionaries of Christ, who thousands thought to be a holy saint. Only after overwhelming facts came forth of drugs, pedophilia and illegal children, have people began to question their feelings about this priest.
I am overwhelmed how people have strong opinions about things, people and movements that they know almost nothing about except what they have heard and want to believe.
History and Apparitions
When I first started studying apparitions and the history of apparitions, the very first I noted was in the Second Century. A man named, Montanus began to have false ecstasies and began to prophesy. He misled entire towns of Christians by his miracles. Two women, Priscilla and Maximilla, received the same power from the demons. The miracles impressed his followers. He claimed a separate and superior revelation over the authority of the bishops. He taught that a new kingdom was coming in his lifetime. He further claimed that after him, there would be no more prophets. He was so influential, Tertullian fell into this error. A saintly priest told Montanus, that if the Virgin Mary appeared to him and told him that Montanism was the true religion, he would believe in it. In fact, she did appear, but the good priest held up the Eucharistic Lord, and told her to bow down and worship her God. This so-called virgin Mary disappeared in a puff of smoke.
Why do I tell this story? Think about it. By signs and wonders, Montanus and his two followers convinced a great part of the Church, even saints. We find the same teaching in the Charismatics today, and the same obsession with signs and wonders the people had way back in the Second Century. How many years were people fooled by these people? At least a generation, and to this day Montanism still has a following.
If the people in the Second Century used the principles of thinking, they would not have been fooled. Principles - God cannot contradict God, Satan has the power of signs and wonders, Satan always appears as an angle of light and goodness. The long term consequences of movements can be predicted. If Montanus was correct, all people would get religious truth direct from God and there would be no need of the Church that God founded to preserve truth.
Consequences of opinions without facts
Consequences – why are the lives of people today so corrupted compared to 40 years ago. The change has been Psychology. Why do we have the worst education system in the industrial world today (even though it is the most expensive), and 40 years ago it was the best education system?
We can understand consequences even before they happen. Einstein was able to predict the results of things even before they were tried. Valocoski was able to predict what we would find in space before we went there.
I can predict the end of modernism before it comes because the consequences are self evident. If the birth rate of a nation is zero, what will the nation be in two generations? Part of thinking is to want to ask good questions and to want to know the answers.
The consequences of not thinking
are the entire reason for this article. Bad, uneducated thinking brings on bad
consequences. If you look at the bankruptcies of GM and Chrysler and the fact
that Secured Bondholders got nothing and at the same time Unions almost lost
nothing, many would support the Unions because they think these are the working
people who make the cars that will same the companies. That is an unbelievable emotional non
thinking opinion. In fact the
ramifications of this government decision may in fact destroy
These are the facts:
1. The two major reasons for
2. The real facts of GM and Chrysler’s deals with the government is the destruction of the Rule of Law in the Constitution. Part of the Rule of Law is Contract Law. What is a Secured Bondholder? It is someone who loaned money that was secured by fixed assets. If they were not paid back they could own the secured assets. This is the same as a Mortgage Contract. If you do not pay your mortgage, the bank can take your house, which is the security. A Credit card is not secured, and that is why the Credit Card cost a great deal more in interest than the Mortgage. A Secured Bondholder gets much less interest than an Unsecured Bondholder, because he has the security of a fixed asset that he has first rights to over everyone else.
When the Government threw out
these contracts in favor of the Unions, they violated the Constitution, the
Rule of Law and Contract Law. The ramifications of this is that no one in
This was done deliberately by the government to destroy the Rule of Law in favor of progressivism and I can prove it. Chrysler claimed to the court that it was loosing $100,000,000 per day as the Supreme Court waited to rule on this case. At the same time they only owed the Secured Bondholders $43,000.000. They could have just paid off the Bonds and walked away, but they wanted to set the precedent by braking this Rule of Law.
What good are Social Studies to education? Why do we have social classes required for people looking for an Engineering Degree? Look at a list of college classes and you tell me how many of these classes are stupid and could just as easily be studied at home without college. They have no useful meaning in the real world.
The basics are needed to even learn other things. The basics are reading, writing, math, science and history. After we learn these and learn them well we can then study our chosen subject.
If you understand English, listen to people talk on Television and you will see they never learned the basics of education.
I predict that someday public schools will no longer exist. They will be replaced by Education clinics paid for by parents, unions and businesses.
At one time the parents of a town educated children themselves or hired someone to teach them one by one or in groups of 10 or 20. Unions taught future members to be great machinists and then offered this talent to companies, who needed the educated worker. Businesses who could not find talent, trained them in their own schools before hiring them. This is done today in the tech industry and will be done in every industry in the future. You will find all the banks opening a school of economics to prepare for the future of their industry, without the brainwashing they are getting today.
Thinking Success and Failure
Everyone wants to be successful in live but because we no longer teach ethics and morals in school or home, most people think of success in terms of money or power. It does not matter how they made the money or got the power. More often than not today, compromising principles and ethics is the road to financial success. But are these successful people admired? Do you admire the wealth of the original Rockefeller, who made his money illegally by bankrupting the oil riggers? Do you admire the bankers, who admitted making millions in commissions by bundling bad mortgages and selling them around the world? Do you admire the realtors, who sold homes to people they knew could not pay them back. They took their commissions and ran away from the contract without a twinge of conscience. I admire the people who give up their jobs or money for the principles of ethics and morals. “I loved my relationship and miss it, but it required me to compromise my ethics and beliefs to maintain this relationship and I cannot do that.” This is what I admire and I think God does also.
Voting and thinking
When you voted in the last election, what did you know about the person you voted for? You knew what he promised but what did you know about the person? Did you care enough to find out, to investigate?
Yes! I am obsessed by the fact that people do not think and do not want to. They do not want to know the truth because the truth might make them see that they have been wrong for many years, and they cannot accept being wrong.
If you have not already read them, I have already written three articles on this same obsession of mine: Core Values and Principles ; Common Sense & The Rule of Law ; The Information Age and Lack of Knowledge
Below are people who I believe know how to think ------
You are the thirteenth President under whom I have lived and unlike any of the others, you truly scare me.
You scare me because after months of exposure, I know nothing about you.
You scare me because I do not know how you paid for your expensive Ivy League education and your upscale lifestyle and housing with no visible signs of support.
scare me because you did not spend the formative years of youth growing up in
You scare me because you have never run a company or met a payroll.
You scare me because you have never had military experience, thus don't understand it at its core.
You scare me because you lack humility and 'class', always blaming others.
scare me because for over half your life you have aligned yourself with radical
extremists who hate
scare me because you are a cheerleader for the 'blame
scare me because you want to change
You scare me because you want to replace our health care system with a government controlled one.
You scare me because you prefer 'wind mills' to responsibly capitalizing on our own vast oil, coal and shale reserves.
You scare me because you want to kill the American capitalist goose that lays the golden egg which provides the highest standard of living in the world.
You scare me because you have begun to use 'extortion' tactics against certain banks and corporations.
You scare me because your own political party shrinks from challenging you on your wild and irresponsible spending proposals.
You scare me because you will not openly listen to or even consider opposing points of view from intelligent people.
You scare me because you falsely believe that you are both omnipotent and omniscient.
You scare me because the media gives you a free pass on everything you do.
You scare me because you demonize and want to silence the Limbaughs, Hannitys, O'Relllys and Becks who offer opposing, conservative points of view.
You scare me because you prefer controlling over governing.
Finally, you scare me because if you serve a second term I will probably not feel safe in writing a similar letter in 8 years.
Note: Lou Pritchett is a former vice president of Procter & Gamble whose career at that company spanned 36 years before his retirement in 1989, and he is the author of the 1995 business book, Stop Paddling & Start Rocking the Boat.
Remember Lee Iacocca, the man who rescued Chrysler Corporation from its death throes? He's now 82 years old and has a new book, 'Where Have All The Leaders Gone?'.
Lee Iacocca Says:
'Am I the only guy in this country who's fed up with what's happening? Where the hell is our outrage? We should be screaming bloody murder! We've got a gang of clueless bozos steering our ship of state right over a cliff, we've got corporate gangsters stealing us blind, and we can't even clean up after a hurricane much less build a hybrid car. But instead of getting mad, everyone sits around and nods their heads when the politicians say, 'Stay the course.'
Stay the course? You've got
to be kidding. This is
You might think I'm getting senile, that I've gone off my rocker, and maybe I have. But someone has to speak up. I hardly recognize this country anymore.
The most famous business
leaders are not the innovators but the guys in handcuffs. While we're fiddling
I've had enough. How about you?
I'll go a step further. You can't call yourself a patriot if you're not outraged. This is a fight I'm ready and willing to have. The Biggest 'C' is Crisis! (Iacocca elaborates on nine C's of leadership, with crisis being the first.)
Leaders are made, not born. Leadership is forged in times of crisis. It's easy to sit there with your feet up on the desk and talk theory. Or send someone else's kids off to war when you've never seen a battlefield yourself. It's another thing to lead when your world comes tumbling down.
On September 11, 2001, we needed a strong leader more than any other time in our history. We needed a steady hand to guide us out of the ashes. A hell of a mess, so here's where we stand.
We're immersed in a bloody war with no plan for winning and no plan for leaving.
We're running the biggest deficit in the history of the country.
We're losing the
manufacturing edge to
Gas prices are skyrocketing, and nobody in power has a coherent energy policy. Our schools are in trouble.
Our borders are like sieves.
The middle class is being squeezed every which way.
These are times that cry out for leadership.
But when you look around, you've got to ask: 'Where have all the leaders gone?' Where are the curious, creative communicators? Where are the people of character, courage, conviction, omnipotence, and common sense? I may be a sucker for alliteration, but I think you get the point.
Name me a leader who has a better idea for homeland security than making us take off our shoes in airports and throw away our shampoo?
We've spent billions of dollars building a huge new bureaucracy, and all we know how to do is react to things that have already happened.
Name me one leader who emerged from the crisis of Hurricane Katrina. Congress has yet to spend a single day evaluating the response to the hurricane or demanding accountability for the decisions that were made in the crucial hours after the storm.
Everyone's hunkering down, fingers crossed, hoping it doesn't happen again. Now, that's just crazy. Storms happen. Deal with it. Make a plan. Figure out what you're going to do the next time.
Name me an industry leader who is thinking creatively about how we can restore our competitive edge in manufacturing. Who would have believed that there could ever be a time when 'The Big Three' referred to Japanese car companies? How did this happen, and more important, what are we going to do about it?
Name me a government leader who can articulate a plan for paying down the debit, or solving the energy crisis, or managing the health care problem. The silence is deafening. But these are the crises that are eating away at our country and milking the middle class dry.
I have news for the gang in Congress. We didn't elect you to sit on your asses and do nothing and remain silent while our democracy is being hijacked and our greatness is being replaced with mediocrity. What is everybody so afraid of? That some bonehead on NBC news or CNN news will call them a name? Give me a break. Why don't you guys show some spine for a change?
Had Enough? Hey, I'm not
trying to be the voice of gloom and doom here. I'm trying to light a
fire. I'm speaking out because I have hope - I believe in
If I've learned one thing,
it's this: 'You don't get anywhere by standing on the
sidelines waiting for somebody else to take action. Whether it's building a
better car or building a better future for our children, we all have a role to
play. That's the challenge I'm raising in this book. It's a "Call to
Action" for people who, like me, believe in
Make your own contribution by sending this to everyone you know and care about. It's our country, folks, and it's our future. Our future is at stake!!
I am a student of history. Professionally, I have written 15 books in six languages, and have studied history all my life. I think there is something monumentally large afoot, and I do not believe it is just a banking crisis, or a mortgage crisis, or a credit crisis. Yes, these exist but they are merely single facets on a very large gemstone that is only now coming into a sharper focus.
Something of historic proportions is happening. I can sense it because I know how it feels, smells, what it looks like, and how people react to it. Yes, a perfect storm may be brewing, but there is something happening within our country that has been evolving for about 10 - 15 years. The pace has dramatically quickened in the past year or two.
We demanded and then codified into law the requirement that our banks make massive loans to people whom we knew could never pay back! Why? We learned recently that the Federal Reserve, which has little or no real oversight by anyone, has "loaned" two trillion dollars (that is $2,000,000,000,000) over the past few months, but will not tell us to whom or why or disclose the terms . That is our money. Yours and mine. And that is three times the $700B we all argued about so strenuously just this past September.
Who has this money? Why do they have it? Why are the terms unavailable to us? Who asked for it? Who authorized it? I thought this was a government of "We the People," who loaned our powers to our elected leaders. Apparently not.
We have spent two or more decades intentionally de-industrializing our economy. Why?
We have intentionally dumbed down our schools, ignored our history, and no longer teach our founding documents, why we are exceptional, and why we are worth preserving. Students by and large cannot write, think critically, read, or articulate. Parents are not revolting, teachers are not picketing, school boards continue to back mediocrity. Why?
We have now established the precedent of protesting every close
election (now violently in
Now our mortgage industry is collapsing, housing prices are in free fall, major industries are failing, our banking system is on the verge of collapse, Social Security is nearly bankrupt, as is Medicare and our entire government. Our education system is worse than a joke... (I teach college and know precisely what I am talking about.) The list is staggering in its length, breadth, and depth. It is potentially 1929 x 10. And we are at war with an enemy we cannot name for fear of offending people of the same religion who cannot wait to slit the throats of your children if they have the opportunity to do so.
And now we have elected a man no one knows anything about, who has
never run so much as a Dairy Queen, let alone a town as big as
Mr. Obama's winning platform can be boiled down to one word: Change. Radical change. Why?
I have never been so afraid for my country and for my children as I am now. This man campaigned on bringing people together, something he has never, ever done in his professional life. In my assessment, Obama will divide us along philosophical lines, push us apart, and then try to realign the pieces into a new and different power structure. Change is indeed coming. And when it comes, you will never see the same Nation of Freedom, again.
And that is only the beginning.
I thought I would never be able to experience what the ordinary, moral German felt in the mid-1930s. In those times, the savior was a former smooth-talking rabble-rouser from the streets, about whom the average German knew next to nothing. What they did know was that he was associated with groups that shouted, shoved, and pushed around people with whom they disagreed; he edged his way onto the political stage through great oratory and promises. Economic times were tough, people were losing jobs, and he was a great speaker. And he smiled and waved a lot. And people, even newspapers, were afraid to speak out for fear that his "brown shirts" would bully them into submission.
And then he was duly elected to office, with a full-throttled
economic crisis at hand [the Great Depression]. Slowly but surely he
seized the controls of government power, department by department, person by
person, bureaucracy by bureaucracy. The kids joined a Youth Movement in
his name, where they were taught what to think. How did he get the people
on his side? He did it promising jobs to the jobless, money to the moneyless,
and goodies for the military-industrial complex. He did it by
indoctrinating the children, advocating gun control, health care for all,
better wages, better jobs, and promising to re-instill pride once again in the
He did it with a compliant media - Did you know that? And he did
this all in the name of justice and...change. And the
people surely got what they voted for. (Look it
up if you think I am exaggerating.) Read your history books. Many people
objected in 1933 and were shouted down, called names, laughed at, and made fun
of. When Winston Churchill pointed out the obvious in the late 1930s
while seated in theHouse of Lords in
Don't forget that
As a practical thinker, one not overly prone to emotional decisions, I have a choice: I can either believe what the objective pieces of evidence tell me (even if they make me cringe with disgust); I can believe what history is shouting to me from across the chasm of seven decades; or I can hope I am wrong, close my eyes, have another latte and ignore what is transpiring around me.
Some people scoff at me. Others laugh or think I am foolish, naive, or both. Perhaps I am. But I have never been afraid to look people in the eye and tell them exactly what I believe - and why I believe it. I pray I am wrong. But, I do not think I am.
Robert A. Hall
I'll be 63 soon. Except for one semester in college when jobs were scarce, and a six-month period when I was between jobs, but job-hunting every day, I've worked, hard, since I was 18. Despite some health challenges, I still put in 50-hour weeks, and haven't called in sick in seven or eight years. I make a good salary, but I didn't inherit my job or my income, and I worked to get where I am. Given the economy, there's no retirement in sight, and I'm tired. Very tired.
I'm tired of being told that I have to "spread the wealth around" to people who don't have my work ethic. I'm tired of being told the government will take the money I earned, by force if necessary, and give it to people too lazy or stupid to earn it.
I'm tired of being told that I have to pay more taxes to "keep people in their homes." Sure, if they lost their jobs or got sick, I'm willing to help. But if they bought McMansions at three times the price of our paid-off, $250,000 condo, on one-third of my salary, then let the leftwing Congress critters who passed Fannie and Freddie and the Community Reinvestment Act that created the bubble help them-with their own money.
I'm tired of being told how bad
I'm tired of being told that Islam is a "Religion of Peace," when every day I can read dozens of stories of Muslim men killing their sisters, wives and daughters for their family "honor;" of Muslims rioting over some slight offense; of Muslims murdering Christian and Jews because they aren't "believers;" of Muslims burning schools for girls; of Muslims stoning teenage rape victims to death for "adultery;" of Muslims mutilating the genitals of little girls; all in the name of Allah, because the Qur'an and Shari'a law tells them to.
I believe "a man should be
judged by the content of his character, not by the color of his
skin." I'm tired of being told that "race doesn't matter"
in the post-racial world of President Obama, when it's all that matters in affirmative
action jobs, lower college admission and graduation standards for minorities
(harming them the most), government contract set-asides, tolerance for the
ghetto culture of violence and fatherless children that hurts minorities more
than anyone, and in the appointment of US Senators from Illinois. I think it's
very cool that we have a black president and that a black child is doing her
homework at the desk where
I'm tired of a news media that thinks Bush's fundraising and inaugural expenses were obscene, but that think Obama's, at triple the cost, were wonderful. That joins in the chorus; "It's all Bush's fault"--the economy, the unemployment the housing failures when the facts clearly prove that he had been warning about the same for years but got ridiculed from the congressional 'left'. I'm also tired of a media that thinks Bush exercising daily was a waste of presidential time, but Obama exercising is a great example for the public to control weight and stress, that picked over every line of Bush's military records, but never demanded that Kerry release his, that slammed Palin with two years as governor for being too inexperienced for VP, but touted Obama with three years as senator as potentially the best president ever.
Wonder why people are dropping their subscriptions or switching to Fox News? Get a clue. I didn't vote for Bush in 2000, but the media and Kerry drove me to his camp in 2004.
I'm tired of being told that out
of "tolerance for other cultures" we must let
I'm tired of being told I must lower my living standard to fight global warming, which no one is allowed to debate. My wife and I live in a two-bedroom apartment and carpool together five miles to our jobs. We also own a three-bedroom condo where our daughter and granddaughter live. Our carbon footprint is about 5% of Al Gore's, and if you're greener than Gore, you're green enough.
I'm tired of being told that drug addicts have a disease, and I must help support and treat them, and pay for the damage they do. Did a giant germ rush out of a dark alley, grab them, and stuff white powder up their noses while they tried to fight it off? I don't think Gay people choose to be Gay, but I damn sure think druggies chose to take drugs. And I'm tired of harassment from cool people treating me like a freak when I tell them I never tried marijuana.
I'm tired of illegal aliens being called "undocumented workers," especially the ones who aren't working, but are living on welfare or crime. What's next? Calling drug dealers, "Undocumented Pharmacists"? And, no, I'm not against Hispanics. Most of them are Catholic and it's been several hundred years since Catholics wanted to kill anyone for their religion. I'm willing to fast track for citizenship any Hispanic person who can speak English, doesn't have a criminal record and who is self-supporting without family on welfare, or who serves honorably for three years in our military. Those are the citizens we need.
I'm tired of latte liberals and journalists, who would never wear the uniform of the Republic themselves, or let their entitlement-handicapped kids near a recruiting station, trashing our military. They and their kids can sit at home, never having to make split-second decisions under life and death circumstances, and bad mouth better people then themselves. Do bad things happen in war? You bet. Do our troops sometimes misbehave? Sure. Does this compare with the atrocities that were the policy of our enemies for the last fifty years-and still are? Not even close. So here's the deal. I'll let myself be subjected to all the humiliation and abuse that was heaped on terrorists at Abu Ghraib or Gitmo, and the critics can let themselves be subject to captivity by the Muslims who tortured and beheaded Daniel Pearl in Pakistan, or the Muslims who tortured and murdered Marine Lt. Col. William Higgins in Lebanon, or the Muslims who ran the blood-spattered Al Qaeda torture rooms our troops found in Iraq, or the Muslims who cut off the heads of schoolgirls in Indonesia, because the girls were Christian. Then we'll compare notes. British and American soldiers are the only troops in history that civilians came to for help and handouts, instead of hiding from in fear.
I'm tired of hearing wealthy athletes, entertainers and politicians of both parties talking about innocent mistakes, stupid mistakes or youthful mistakes, when we all know they think their only mistake was getting caught. I'm tired of people with a sense of entitlement, rich or poor.
Speaking of poor, I'm tired of hearing people with air-conditioned homes, color TVs, cell phones and two cars called poor. The majority of Americans didn't have that in 1970, but we didn't know we were "poor." The poverty pimps have to keep changing the definition of poor to keep the dollars flowing.
I'm real tired of people who don't take responsibility for their lives and actions. I'm tired of hearing them blame the government, or discrimination, or big-whatever for their problems.
Yes, I'm tired. But I'm also glad to be 63. Because, mostly, I'm not going to get to see the world these people are making. I'm just sorry for my granddaughter.
Robert A. Hall is a Marine Vietnam veteran who
served five terms in the